Bamboo has a long and well-established history as a building material in both the tropics and subtropics around the world. In the Indonesian archipelago, bamboo is widely grown and has long played a role in daily life for the Indonesian people. Because of its rapid growth, bamboo is a sustainable resource. Bamboo architecture in Bali is frequently utilized in the construction of many types of buildings, particularly villas and glamping camps. Bamboo is a resource that is both renewable and adaptable, has a good strength to weight ratio, and is simple to work with.
As a result, bamboo construction is simple to construct, lightweight, elastic, and resistant to earthquake effects. It is also simple to repair any damage that may happen. Bamboo-based panels and bamboo reinforced concrete, for instance, are related items that are used in building as well.
Although bamboo cannot be completely divorced from its many advantages and disadvantages, its potential as a building material remains incredibly unexplored. In order for bamboo to eventually become a better alternative building material and a more popular building material in the future, we must continue to innovate in designing structural designs and bamboo processing. In addition, bamboo has a number of flaws that must be fixed in order for it to develop into a better-quality building material.
This Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Bamboo Architecture in Bali
Advantages of Using Bamboo Architecture
- Compared to other materials, bamboo is cheap and easy to obtain because it is so common.
- Bamboo grows quickly and has a low survival rate, so there is no need to wait too long before harvesting it. Bamboo is also quite easy to maintain.
- After the older trunk is removed, bamboo plants will continue to grow through new growth and will rebound within a year. When wood is taken down, it can take up to 30 years for it to grow again in the forest.
- The work is simple, useful, and really doesn’t need complex technology.
- Can be used with various variety of needs. So that even the material is one type but can produce a very diverse variety of shapes
Disadvantages of Using Bamboo Arcitecture
- Bamboo is segmented and contains a hollow in the stem. Making it easy to break because to shrinking brought on by changes in the water content, temperature, and weather. This bamboo material must therefore be kept before use. In addition, incidents involving broken bamboo will happen frequently, particularly at loading sites on a sequence of bamboo structures. As a result, node points where loading is required must be modified with coated metal. In order to provide more consistent and even load sharing
- When installed bamboo as a building material, frequently encountered insects that ate the powder/moth. Therefore an insect repellent covering was required.
- Bamboo material requires maintenance and then is coated to prevent water retention because it is less resistant to climate change than other materials. Especially when exposed to the sun and rain directly.